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Tuscola County
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Tuscola County's early settlers depended greatly upon the lumber industry. As the lumbering era ended, agricultural activities took precedence and continue to be the primary land usage in the county today. Tuscola County is located in the "thumb" area of east central Michigan. The county's character is rural and agricultural. Many small cities and villages are scattered throughout the landscape. Approximately 66% of the land is devoted to agricultural uses. The county ranks number one in the state for sugar beet production. Potatoes, dairy products, poultry, corn, barley, wheat, oats, and rye are among its other agricultural products.



General Data


DISTANCE MILES KM
Chicago 330 530
Cleveland 240 386
Detroit 90 144
Indianapolis 340 547
Lansing 90 144

 YEARS
POPULATION  
 1970  48,603
 1980  56,961
 1990  55,498
 2000  58,266
Source:Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data, 2000


WORKFORCE  
 LABOR 2000
 Total Workforce 27,700 
 Number Employed 26,225 
 Number Unemployed 1,475 
 Unemployment Rate 5.3 
Source:Michigan Employment Service Agency, 2000


CHARACTERISTICS OF LABOR FORCE  
 LABOR 1990
 Workers 16 years and over 22,226 
 Percentage who work outside of county 46.7% 
 Percentage who work at home 4.0% 
Source:U.S. Bureau of the Census, Census of Population and Housing, 1990


EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENTS  
 CLASSIFACTION 1990
 Persons 25 years of age or older 34,607 
 Percentage with high school diploma 73.0% 
 Percentage with bachelor's degree 8.12% 
Source:U.S. Bureau of the Census, Census of Population and Housing, 1990

TRANSPORTATION
ACCESS TO MARKETS
Main Highways M-46, M-138, M-24, M-81, M-25, M-15
Bus Lines None
Truck Lines 5
Rail Lines Grand Trunk Western; Chesapeake & Ohio; Tuscola & Saginaw Bay
Ports Bay City (25 mi-Lake Huron)
Airports Bishop International Airport (Genesee Co.), Caro Municipal Airport
Airlines Continental Express, Northwest, United, USAir Express, ComAir, Delta Express
Source: MI State Transportation Commission, 1995


Economy




PERSONAL INCOME (In Thousands of Dollars)
Components by Type 1996 1997 1998 1999
Personal income 1,078,412 1,104,539 1,129,491 1,221,569
Nonfarm personal income 1,056,960 1,090,248 1,112,186 1,190,845
Farm income 21,452 14,291 17,305 30,724
Population (number of persons) 57,709 57,955 57,965 58,195
Per capita personal income (dollars) 18,687 19,059 19,486 20,991
Components by Industry 1996 1997 1998 1999
Farm Earnings 21,452 14,291 17,305 30,724
Non-Farm Earnings 428,448 456,923 463,596 517,672
Private Earnings 305,372 327,467 329,814 383,005
Ag. serv., forestry, fishing, and other 1,268 1,381 1,687 1,895
Mining 402 401 343 333
Construction 30,315 31,917 34,671 36,685
Manufacturing 104,148 103,409 105,527 101,733
   Durable goods 85,379 84,573 84,299 80,071
Transportation and public utilities 20,383 29,795 30,312 31,781
Wholesale trade 20,043 20,847 21,524 21,965
Retail trade 39,297 41,636 43,998 50,354
Finance, insurance, and real estate 15,530 18,636 21,095 63,804
Services 73,986 79,445 70,657 74,455
Government and government enterprises 123,076 129,456 133,782 134,667
   Federal, civilian 6,697 6,829 6,865 7,469
   Military 1,614 1,561 1,499 1,574
   State and local 114,765 121,066 125,418 125,624
Source:Bureau of Economic Analysis, U.S. Department of Commerce, Issued May 2001


EMPLOYMENT BY INDUSTRY (Number of Jobs)
Components by Type 1996 1997 1998 1999
Total Employment 21,277 21,436 20,664 20,932
Wage and Salary Employment 15,608 15,742 14,902 15,049
Proprietor's employment 5,669 5,694 5,762 5,883
Farm Employment 1,755 1,718 1,678 1,741
Non-Farm Employment 19,522 19,718 18,986 19,191
Components by Industry 1996 1997 1998 1999
Private 15,828 15,982 15,210 15,371
   Ag. serv., forestry, fishing, and other 247 239 245 251
   Mining 25 30 27 24
   Construction 1,295 1,332 1,363 1,370
   Manufacturing 3,124 2,989 2,859 2,670
   Transportation and public utilities 704 780 794 809
   Wholesale trade 818 843 842 807
   Retail trade 3,459 3,411 3,318 3,599
   Finance, insurance, and real estate 1,017 1,082 1,142 1,268
   Services 5,139 5,276 4,620 4,573
Government and government enterprises 3,694 3,736 3,776 3,820
   Federal, civilian 153 154 149 155
   Military 132 125 116 115
   State and local 3,409 3,457 3,511 3,550
Source:Bureau of Economic Analysis, U.S. Department of Labor, Issued May 2001

EARNING LEVELS/LABOR RATES AVERAGE HOURLY RATES
CLASSIFICATION MINIMUM* MAXIMUM
Applications Software Specialist 6.50 11.25
Assembler - Light 4.25 7.25
Drafter (CAD) 5.50 11.00
Electrician - Industrial 7.50 12.00
Electronic Technician 6.50 9.75
Forklift Operator 5.25 8.50
General Office Clerk 4.25 7.25
General Laborer 4.50 8.00
Injection Molding Machinist 4.50 8.00
Machine Operator 4.75 8.50
Machinist 6.00 10.50
Mechanical Engineer 10.00 20.00
Production Manager/Supervisor 8.00 10.50
Quality Control Technician 7.00 10.00
Sales - Non-Technical 5.00 10.25
Secretary 5.00 9.00
Tool and Die Maker 7.50 12.75
Word Processor/Typist 4.75 8.50
Source: 1996 Survey of the Michigan Employment Security Commission
*This survey was done in 1996, before the hourly minimum wage was increased to $5.15 in September 1997.

PRINCIPLE EMPLOYERS
MANUFACTURING EMPLOYERS
SIC FIRM LOCATION EMPLOYEES PRODUCT
3592 Walbro Corp Cass City 850 Carburetors, pumps, inj systs
3321 Grede-Vassar Inc Vassar 260 Gray iron & heat resist castings
3561 Walbro Automotive Corp Caro 230 Electric fuel pumps
2752 Kaumagraph Flint Corp Millington 220 Automotive screen printing
3083 Plastech Caro 175 Cust inj mold thermoplastic pts
3357 General Cable Co Cass City 162 Communications products
3714 Means Industries-Vassar Vassar 150 Metal stampings: vehicle parts
2063 Michigan Sugar Co Caro 85 Beet , liquid sugar; molasses
3089 Caro Manufacturing Corp Caro 80 Blow molded plastic products
3599 Hillsdale Tool & Manufacturing Vassar 70 Mach & assem gray iron pumps
2759 Midwest Rotary Maniforms Co Caro 70 Specialty printing
2013 Erla's Inc Cass City 65 Sausage processing & packing
3496 Anrod Screen Cylinder Co Cass City 60 Wire cloth, indl filters & strainers
3545 Cole Carbide Industries Inc Cass City 60 Carbide cutting tools
3269 Engineered Tools Corp Caro 50 Carbide & ceramic cutting tools
2875 Agrium U S Inc Reese 45 Mix & blend fertilizers, nutrients
3465 Peters Manufacturing Co Inc Vassar 45 Auto stampings, welding
3535 Loudon Steel Millington 40 Structural steel fabricating
3325 Astech Inc Vassar 40 Resistant castings; steels
2711 Caro Publishing Caro 38 Newsp& shoppers guide publ
Source: Harris Publishing Company, 1998 Industrial Directory

OTHER MAJOR EMPLOYERS
SIC FIRM LOCATION EMPLOYEES PRODUCT
8059 Michigan Dept Mental Health Caro 500 Health care
8211 Tuscola Intermediate School Dist. Caro 350 School/education
8361 Wolverine Human Services Vassar 260 Residential care
9111 Tuscola County Caro 175 Executive offices
8062 Hills and Dales General Hospital Cass City 160 Health care
8051 Tuscola County Medical Care Facility Caro 145 Health care
8641 Caro Community Hospital Caro 135 Civic social associations
8051 Tendercare (MI) Inc. Cass City 104 Health care
5411 Central Shop-Rite of Caro Inc. Caro 100 Grocery stores
5311 Wal-Mart Stores Inc. Caro 85 Department stores
Source: Local County Economic Development Contact


NUMBER OF ESTABLISHMENTS
Type of Service 1999
Total 1098
    Forestry, fishing, hunting, and agriculture support 4
    Mining 4
    Utilities 3
    Construction 193
    Manufacturing 51
      Food mfg 5
      Textile mills 1
      Wood product mfg 2
      Printing & related support activities 2
      Petroleum & coal products mfg 1
      Chemical mfg 2
      Plastics & rubber products mfg 5
      Nonmetallic mineral product mfg 1
      Primary metal mfg 2
      Fabricated metal product mfg 8
      Machinery mfg 6
      Electrical equip, appliance & component mfg 1
      Transportation equipment mfg 8
      Furniture & related product mfg 6
      Miscellaneous mfg 1
    Wholesale trade 48
    Retail trade 190
    Transportation & warehousing 34
    Information 18
      Publishing industries 3
      Motion picture & sound recording industries 3
      Broadcasting & telecommunications 11
      Information & data processing services 1
    Finance & insurance 72
    Real estate & rental & leasing 24
    Professional, scientific & technical services 48
    Management of companies & enterprises 3
    Admin, support, waste mgt, remediation services 25
    Educational services 5
    Health care and social assistance 110
    Arts, entertainment & recreation 20
    Accommodation & food services 78
    Other services (except public administration) 142
    Auxiliaries (exc corporate, subsidiary & regional mgt) 3
    Unclassified establishments 23
Source:U.S. Department of Commerce and Bureau of the Census, County Business Patterns, Issued May 2001


Quality of Life


EDUCATIONAL FACILITIES
PUBLIC SCHOOL DISTRICT INFORMATION
COMMUNITY SCHOOL DISTRICT STUDENTS INSTRUCTORS HIGH SCHOOLS
Caro Caro Community Schools 2,267 123 1
Cass City Cass City Public Schools 1,650 78 1
Fairgrove Akron-Fairgrove Schools 622 30 1
Kingston Kingston Community Schools 805 36 1
Mayville Mayville Community Schools 1,325 66 1
Millington Millington Community Schools 1,731 86 1
Reese Reese Public Schools 1,200 57 1
Sebewaing Unionville-Sebewaing Area Schools 957 55 1
Vassar Vassar Public Schools 1,850 87 1
Source: MI Department of Education, 1997

TWO YEAR COLLEGES AND TECHNICAL SCHOOLS
NAME LOCATION ENROLLMENT
Great Lakes Junior College Saginaw (Saginaw Co.) 2,250
Mott Community College Flint (Genesee Co.) 10,469

FOUR YEAR COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES
NAME LOCATION ENROLLMENT
University of Michigan - Flint Flint (Genesee Co.) 6,675
GMI Engineering & Management Flint (Genesee Co.) 2,500
Source: MI Department of Education, 1996

MEDICAL FACILITIES
TYPE OF FACILITY # IN COUNTY # OF BEDS
Hospitals 2 115
Source: MI Department of Consumer and Industry Services, 1998

HOUSING (1990)  
OWNER OCCUPIED MEDIAN VALUE RENTER OCCUPIED MEDIAN RENT
15,817  $46,000  3,652  $268 
Source:U.S. Bureau of the Census, Census of Population and Housing, 1990

CLIMATE
MONTH AVG. MIN TEMP AVG. MAX TEMP.
January 13F./-11C. 29F./-2C.
July 57F./14C. 84F./29C.
PRECIPITATION RAINFALL SNOWFALL
Average Annual 28in./71cm. 37in./94cm.
GROWING SEASON DAYS ABOVE 90F/32C DAYS BELOW 0F/-18C
122 15 14
Source: NOAA Climate Summary, 1995

RECREATION
COUNTY HIGHLIGHTS
Caro Arts & Crafts Fair (early June); Caro Historical Museum; Pumpkin Festival, Caro (early October); Gagetown Octagonal Barn Festival (August); Heritage Festival (early August); Vassar Golf & Country Club; Quanicassee Wildlife Area; Tuscola State Game Area; Cass City State Game Area; Watrousville Museum; Fish Point Wildlife Area; Michigan Bean Festival; Tuscola County Fair (late June/early July); Chippewa Landing Festival (October); Cass River, North, Shay, Evergreen, Harmon, Clark,and Phelps Lakes; Chippewa Trails; Ber-Wa-Ga-Na Campgrounds; Pennywick Express; Watrousville Tree Farm; seven public golf courses; boating resources (20.1 Lake Huron shoreline mileage, 184 stream mileage, and seven public access sites).
Source: Local County Economic Development Contact


Municipal Services


UTILITIES
COMMUNITY ELECTRIC GAS
Tuscola, Millington, Arbela, Denmark Consumers Power Consumers Power
Elmwood, Fairgrove, Akron, Dayton, Kingston, Ellington, Detroit Edison Consumers Power
Denmark, Juniata, Elkland, Wisner, Verona, Koylton, Arbela,    
Vassar, Fremont, Wells, Almer, Watertown    
Akron, Arbela, Almer, Columbia, Dayton, Elkland, Ellington, Thumb Consumers Power
Juniata, Kingston, Koylton, Novesta, Vassar, Watertown,    
Source: Local County Economic Development Contact

TELECOMMUNICATIONS
Local Phone Companies Ameritech, Century, GTE, Wolverine
Long Distance Companies AT&T, MCI, Sprint, and others
Source: Local County Economic Development Contact

LICENSED LANDFILLS
COMMUNITY OWNER/MANAGER
Arbella Tuscola Land Development Co.
Source: MDEQ Waste Management Division, 1998

PROPERTY TAX (1997)  
Agriculture Comercial Industrial Residential Other
30.75%  8.41%  7.83%  52.55%  0.46% 
Source:MI Department of Treasury, 1997

GOVERNMENT
COMMUNITY PHONE NUMBER COMMUNITY PHONE NUMBER
Akron Twp (989) 674-2669 Almer Twp (989) 673-4458
Arbela Twp (989) 871-2022 Caro (City of) (989) 673-2226
Cass City (989) 872-2911 Columbia Twp (989) 674-2527
Dayton Twp (989) 843-5647 Denmark Twp (989) 868-9801
Elkland Twp (989) 872-4843 Ellington Twp (989) 872-3437
Elmwood Twp (989) 665-2416 Fairgrove Twp (989) 673-6978
Fremont Twp (989) 843-6018 Gilford Twp (989) 693-6026
Indianfields Twp (989) 673-3416 Juniata Twp (989) 673-4332
Kingston Twp (989) 683-2465 Koylton Twp (989) 683-2900
Millington (City of) (989) 871-2702 Millington Twp (989) 871-4418
Novesta Twp (989) 872-3608 Tuscola Twp (989) 871-4507
Vassar (City of) (989) 823-8517 Vassar Twp (989) 823-3541
Watertown Twp (989) 795-2127 Wells Twp (989) 673-2579
Wisner Twp (989) 693-6570    
Source: Local County Economic Development Contact

ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT CONTACT
Contact: Mr. James McLoskey
Business: Tuscola County Economic Development Corporation
Address: 157 N. State
Caro, MI 48723
Phone: (517) 673-2849
*LDO's=Local Development Organizations
Source: Local County Economic Development Contact

 
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